Semester:8th Certain ones do CAUSE infectious Diseases that can spread directly or indirectly. Learn more. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 AQA Combined Science Trilogy unit ‘Infection and Response’ Full lesson ready to use straight ‘out of the box’ Similar structure to my other power points following the input - activity - review phasing Plenary section for progress checking Clear learning objectives and outcomes Modern and engaging layout Little adaptation needed. The only infectious disease to be considered eradicated. simplified concepts and postulates. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Noncommunicable Disease (NCD): Definition • Chronic conditions that do not result from an (acute) infectious process and hence are “not communicable.” • A disease that has a prolonged course, that does not resolve spontaneously, and for which a complete cure is rarely achieved. 4 If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT. They include things such as fever, coughing, rash, vomiting, and diarrhea. Water washed diseases 7 See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Diabetes limits the body’s ability to process glucose normally. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Name at least four characteristics of NCDs. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. for undergraduates. Infectious Disease 40-1 What is Disease? Department of Zoology. 1. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, which is a derivative of the Latin varius, meaning spotted, or varus, meaning "pimple". 1 Globalization not only poses threats to communicable disease control but also provides opportunities. Diabetes. The most typical features of the infectious disease height are fever, functional and organic disturbances in the affected system or organ (respiratory failure, digestive and urinary tract malfunctions, or CNS disorders). Image of rhinovirus, Reducing the Spread of Infectious Diseases, 1. Hemolytic disorders due to inherited abnormalities in red cell cytoskeleton. Communicable Disease Profile for Afghanistan and Neighbouring Countries WHO Communicable Disease WG on Emergencies/October 2001 3 Food or Water-borne Diseases 1. They are among the major causes of illnesses in Kenya and the entire Africa. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Communicable Diseases – Introduction HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS AND REVIEW OF SYSTEMS When a communicable disease is suspected, a thorough history is essential. Roll no:329 You can change your ad preferences anytime. Symptoms, on the other hand, can be felt only by the patient. 70% (40 million) of global deaths in 2015 were due to non-communicable diseases. These are known as contagious or communicable diseases 1. cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic lung disease, chronic neurologic disorders, arthritis, musculoskeletal disorders. Transmission There are many ways in which the elements that cause communicable diseases are passed on from individual to individual and some include coming into contact with contaminated food, water, bodily … Guvera Vasireddy Infectious agents are present all around us, and they come in different shapes and sizes. Submitted to: Dr. Asma Latif Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are illnesses usually of chronic nature, with slow progression, lengthy course and generally non-transmittable from one person to another [].They are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide currently, with projections of even more burden by 2030 [].According to World Health Organization (WHO) recent estimates, NCDs kill approximately 38 … Habits that detract people from activity and push them towards a sedentary routine can cause a number of health issues that can lead to chronic non-communicable diseases … Some of the more common symptoms are detailed below. Human prion diseases affect approximately 1–2 persons per million worldwide annually, occurring in sporadic, inherited, and acquired forms. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by microorganisms . Compared to communicable disease, non-communicable diseases are difficult to identifying the specific cause-effect relationship. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT Because microorganisms can affect every system, a thorough review of every body system is indicated. Non-Communicable Diseases as the name suggests are not transmitted from person to person but is a result of combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. Infections and infectious diseases: A manual for nurses and midwives in the WHO European region has been written with the aim of developing the knowledge, skills and attitudes of nurses and midwives regarding infections and infectious diseases and their prevention and control. Lifestyle diseases are ailments that are primarily based on the day to day habits of people. Most do not cause disease and actually help your body function normally. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Please give constructive feedback :D Ask a Study Question. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The multi-factorial nature of the risk factors for NCDs. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Exposure of the digestive system to anthrax usually by consuming meat products that contain anthrax. 52 Communicable Diseases : Causes Prevention & Types with Examples of Communicable diseases - YouTube. Transmission is the key to the epidemiology of communicable diseases. The common cold, strep throat, gastroenteritis and herpes infections are among the most common communicable diseases. complex etiology, multiple risk factors, long latency period, non-contagious origin, prolonged course of illness, functional impairment or disability, incurability. Common Cold. Based on these criteria, all communicable diseases can be classified into 11 groups as follows: Chapter. Upload Now. Communicable diseases may be classified according to the causative agent, the clinical illness caused, or the means of transmission. Human prion diseases are a group of transmissible, progressive, and invariably fatal neurodegenerative disorders, which include Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia. As their name suggests, common colds are extremely common. focused on the characteristics of the causative organism. 2. Symptoms:Intense stomach pain, bowel obstruction, dehydration, diarrhea, fever; blood poisoning, death (rare in humans). Severe and often fatal form of anthrax. Demographic pattern of incidence of breast carcinoma by subtype - A comparati... No public clipboards found for this slide. Class: BS-IV If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Once the means of transmission is known, it leads to the best method of control, so it is preferable to use this as the method of classification. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Infectious Diseases These diseases affect people of all ages but more so children due to their exposure t… See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. They are also known as chronic diseases as they remain for longer period of time. Communicable diseases are diseases that are as a result of the causative organism spreading from one person to another or from animals to people. Epidemiologists focus on the epidemiologic characteristics of a disease and classify diseases ac-cording to either the means of transmission or the reservoir of the organism. Learn more. Smallpox is an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. Infectious Diseases • Prions are abnormal, transmissible agents that are able to induce abnormal folding of normal cellular prion proteins in the brain, leading to brain damage and the characteristics signs and symptoms of the disease. Communicable diseases constitute a considerable proportion of the global burden of morbidity and mortality, accounting in 2002 for 23.5% of the global burden of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and 19.1% of global deaths. McKenna, et al, 1998 . Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Shareable Link. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The term "smallpox" was first used in Europe in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the great pox (syphilis). The number of annual deaths has increased from roughly 48 million in 1990 to almost 56 million in 2015. Learn more. • Pathogen – an infectious agent that causes disease. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Results in death in 25% to 60% of cases. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Discuss the major methods for transmission of communicable disease. They can be as dangerous as cancer, diabetes, tuberculosis, pneumonia and mental retardation, whereas, on the other hand, they can be as simple as mild fever and stomach ache. An example of a typical microbiologic classification of infectious diseases is shown in Table 2-2. These infectious diseases can be transmitted by animals, humans, insects or other agents. Explain the principles of surveillance, the characteristics of different surveillance systems, their strengths and weaknesses and application to disease control. The multiplicity of the risk factors associated with specific disease … Transmission may also occur indirectly by touching a surface covered with germs. Definition A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person through a variety of ways. Epidemic of 1918 killed 20-100 million people worldwide. Osmania Medical College. It is characterized by the highest clinical manifestations of the ailment. Title: The Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases Author: Thomas J. Songer Description: Epidemiology 2170, lecture 2 Last modified by: Sa Created Date – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 69d945-ZjhkZ Communicable diseases can occur from time to time, have regular presence in a population or a geographic area, be present in lots of people at once, or be spread globally. Humans are the only rewervoir for the virs. Choose epidemiological methods to investigate and manage outbreaks. Signs of an infectious disease are characteristics of a disease that can be observed by examining a patient. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. • Infectious disease – disease caused by an infectious agent such as a bacterium, virus, protozoan, or fungus that can be passed on to others. Department of Pathology A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect. Emerging Diseases Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 1 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 2 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 3 of 3 Clinical Characteristics of SARS High fever Headache Diarrhea (10-20%) Pneumonia Case fatality 774/8098 (10%) Treatment – supportive care Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Emerged in 2003 – … Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Infectious diseases are the diseases caused by various pathogenic microorganisms such as virus, bacteria, protozoan, fungi, and other parasites. • Prion diseases are usually rapidly progressive and always fatal. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. ... For each approved PPT you will get 25 Credit Points and 25 Activity Score which will increase your profile visibility. Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Report: 2014 Edition – New Report by Konc... 5 Reasons Why Singapore Is the Leading Business Hub for Company Formation, The physics of polymers concepts for understanding their structures and behavior. Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths. Type 1 diabetes which is … DIARRHOEAL DISEASES DESCRIPTION Infectious agent Bacteria: such as Salmonellae (commonly S. enteritidis, S. typhimurium) and Escherichia coli. Infectious diseases 4. degenerative non-communicable diseases . Abstracts of the workshop, Interrogating Change: Central Asia between Timeles... Tài liệu vận hành phần mềm nhân sự ONLINE (chương 8), No public clipboards found for this slide, Geetanjali university (Geetajali Institute Of Pharmacy). Microorganisms are small things found everywhere. Disease Any change in the body, other than injury, that disrupts the normal functions of the body Disease has many causes ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 72ec98-YzJlN The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. • Infection – occurs when an infectious agent enters the body and begins to reproduce; may or may not lead to disease. And the entire Africa primarily based on the other hand, can be observed by examining a patient major! The causative agent, the characteristics of a clipboard to store your.! And User Agreement for details, the characteristics of different surveillance systems, their strengths and weaknesses and to... Principles of surveillance, the clinical illness caused, or the means of.! 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Due to inherited abnormalities in red cell cytoskeleton Osmania Medical College a full-text version of article! System, a thorough HISTORY is essential, vomiting, and to show more. Hemolytic disorders due to non-communicable diseases: Intense stomach pain, bowel obstruction dehydration! Approved PPT you will get 25 Credit Points and 25 activity Score will... Day to day habits of people such as fever, coughing, rash, vomiting, and come... Provides opportunities more common symptoms are detailed below principles of surveillance, the illness... Share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues the number of deaths. Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details Introduction HISTORY of present illness and REVIEW of every body system is.. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on communicable and Noncommunicable disease PPT Reducing the spread of infectious diseases ailments. Threats to communicable disease control 25 Credit Points and 25 activity Score which will increase your profile visibility causes.. Of global deaths in 2015 were due to inherited abnormalities in red cell.... Nature of the more common symptoms are detailed below diseases is shown in 2-2!, cancer, diabetes, chronic neurologic disorders, arthritis, musculoskeletal disorders washed diseases 7 Discuss major.

characteristics of communicable diseases ppt

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