Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ is a large and hardy evergreen shrub, bearing bright golden leaves with large, irregular green margins. Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' Silverberry: Elaeagnus ebbingei & Elaeagnus pungens. It also spread into the wild, having escaped cultivation. 1/2 inch fragrant, bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom in fall. They share nodding white & brown flowers that bloom reliably every November, filling the air with a delightful fragrance. The hardiness and cold tolerance of elaeagnus shrubs vary between species and cultivars. It can grow in varied soil types, including those found at mine spoils. It was also used to revegetate abandoned mining sites in Kentucky and other areas. Petiole and major veins covered with brown scales. thorny olive. In Brazos County, Texas between 8 March and 5 April 1981, researchers counted 298 cedar waxwings that had been killed while trying to get fruits from thorny-olive shrubs growing along one highway. An evergreen shrub up to 15 ft high, of dense spreading habit, and more or less thorny; young shoots covered with brown scales. form a strategic partnership called N.C. [4] Blooming occurs in the autumn and fruit develops during the spring. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. Elaeagnus pungens is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, known by the common names thorny olive, spiny oleaster and silverthorn; also by the family name "oleaster". The evergreen, alternately-arranged leaves are up to 10 centimetres (3.9 in) long but under 5 centimetres (2.0 in) wide. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil … Herb: Elaeagnus Latin name: Elaeagnus pungens Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster Family) Medicinal use of Elaeagnus: The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. In North Carolina it has been reported from longleaf pine forests, urban and maritime forests, and oak-hickory woodlands. ): It is a large shrub so does well as a background plant, planted on slopes for erosion control, or as a barrier plant or windbreak. Commercially available cultivars include 'Maculata', which has gold coloration on the leaves,[6] as well as 'Fruitlandii', 'Hosoba-Fukurin'[7] and 'Goldrim'. Accessed 2020-10-24. It is very drought-tolerant. The products I use - https://kit.com/HortTube This video is a detailed description of Elaeagnus Pungens. Elaeagnus pungens subsp. Elaeagnus pungens Name Homonyms Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. Elaeagnus pungens Frederici is slower growing than any of the other variegated Elaeagnus, and in keeping with its other variegated counterparts, tends to send out green shoots. Caution: Elaeagnus pungens can become weedy and invasive; it is considered an invsive species in several states in the southeastern U.S.. pungens: sharp, spiny, refers to thorns. Thorny Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens), also called silverthorn or thorny olive, is a fast-growing evergreen shrub that can grow up to 15 feet tall if it is not pruned. The seeds are dispersed by birds. The South Carolina Southern Weed Science Society places it as an invasive species in their local area. Elaeagnus pungens, commonly called thorny elaeagnus or silverthorn, is native to China and Japan. Other common names oleaster 'Maculata' . The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. long leaves with ruffled margins are shiny green on top, silvery-white with tiny brown scales below. This dense evergreen and often multi-stemmed shrub is a commonly used ornamental plant, often as variegated cultivars, but has invaded natural areas throughout the southeastern USA. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Although technically a shrub, Elaeagnus pungens is capable of climbing and can attach to overhead trees if branches are not maintained. Elaeagnus triflora extends from Asia south into northeastern Australia, while E. commutata is native to North America, and Elaeagnus philippinensis is native to the Philippines. in shade). Elaeagnus x reflexa. It has attractive dark green, glossy foliage with wavy margins and silvery undersides. The hybrid and its cultivars are also grown in gardens as ornamental plants. Take caution when handling this plant. [8], Elaeagnus × submacrophylla, formerly known as E. × ebbingei, is a hybrid between E. macrophylla and E. pungens. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Stems are red-brown and long, arching and tough. [3] The flowers are yellowish or white and are sweet-scented. Elaeagnus pungens C.P.Thunb. These are reversions to the original parent plant and should be cut out as soon as noticed. 1949. This selection has a light golden edged variegation. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’ has exeptional foliage making it a must for flower arrangers. It took hold easily and still persists in these places. Although silverthorn is primarily considered a shrub, it also can take the form of a climbing plant, growing over and shading out other plants. Haining Qin, Michael G. Gilbert: Elaeagnaceae. Young branchlets are covered by brown scales. Leaves alternate, simple, margins often ruffled, a deep yellow blotch of variable size in the center, sometimes nearly the entire leaf, the underside is covered with clear or translucent spots (scales) giving a silver sheen, major veins are brown. ex A.Murray Common names Oleagno in Portuguese Oleastro in Portuguese dornige Ölweide in German hu tui zi in language. Accessed 2020-10-24. It tolerates shade but will have thinner foliage. Thorns, 5-8 cm long. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Elaeagnus pungens on pronouncekiwi. [5], Despite its invasive potential, E. pungens is widely cultivated as a garden plant in temperate regions. thorny elaeagnus. It is in leaf all year, in flower from November to February, and the seeds ripen from April to May. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Leaves: Evergreen Bloom: Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Spring. Can grow 5’ or more, full sun or part, but grows tighter in hot sun. Elaeagnus pungens el-ee-AG-nus PUN-jenz. Just want to know how to kill it? Cult. [4] The fruit is a drupe up to 1.5 centimetres (0.59 in) long which contains one seed. In Alabama it grows in urban areas and in protected, natural habitats as a weed. Sign in to disable ALL ads. Elaeagnus pungens is a large evergreen shrub with a broad and spreading habit. BASIONYM: Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, var. If you plant it in an area it needs to be contained; it will have to be constantly pruned. The plant grows quickly, with shoots growing over one meter per season. In Japan it grows in scrub dominated by Quercus phillyraeoides and Pittosporum tobira. The trunk tends to sucker and this plant will also spread by seed. This is a tough rapidly growing shrub that is resistant to drought, salt spray, pollution, and damage by deer. If you look in gardening references, you’ll find it listed by a common name of fruitland silverberry, but if you ever hear somebody calling it by that name, it’s … Birds are most attracted to the plants that produce the most fruit. Handsome foliage is a lustrous green above, dull and silvery dotted with brown below. Alternate, simple, evergreen, linear-ovate to ovate, green above, covered in silvery scales below, major veins and petiole covered with brown scales. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. It sprouts prolifically from its stem, spreading out and twining into adjacent vegetation. 2-4 in. This plant was introduced to the United States from Asia in 1830. It is especially well know for the wonderful strong fall fragrance of the tiny white flowers. Elaeagnus ‘Limelight’ is a hybrid comprised of E. macrophylla and E. pungens. : Elaeagnus pungens, S. 263 - textgleich online wie gedrucktes Werk, In: Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven & Deyuan Hong (Hrsg. It is a large, sprawling, durable, broad-leaved evergreen shrub that typically grows to 12-15' tall. Synonyms Elaeagnus pungens 'Aureovariegata' Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata Aurea' . See the side panel for suggestions. At a glance these two species are easy to confuse. nawashiro-gumi in language. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan. It is present in the southeastern United States as an introduced species, a common landscaping and ornamental plant, and sometimes an invasive species. leathery silver-bush in language. [3] Studies have found that cedar waxwings attracted to roadside plantings of the shrub are susceptible to automobile-related mortality. Broadleaf evergreen shrub, 10-15 ft (3-4.5 m) high, equal spread, dense spreading, irregular habit (esp. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems though fungal leaf spot and rust may occur and spider mites can attack stressed plants. Skip to control methods. Parts of the stem are covered in thorns which can be up to 8 centimetres (3.1 in) long. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Young branchlets are covered with brown scales. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Brown fruit ripens to red in autumn. Elaeagnus pungens . Flowers in late fall to early winter, sweetly pungent (fragrant); develops an unkempt appearance if not attentively pruned; can climb by "hooking" thorns around trees and structures; red, edible fruits; blooms can be taken indoors and used as a natural deodorizer. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It can fix Nitrogen. [3] It is reddish with silver scales. Its common name, silverthorn, comes from the thorns on its branches. Please consider planting native plants. Elaeagnus pungens ‘Hosoba Fukurin’ Variegated Elaeagnus An easy to grow drought tolerant evergreen shrub with grayish broad leathery foliage. N.C. Interesting info: This plant is a must for flower arrangers due to its exceptional foliage. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. Silvery-white (due to scales),fragrant, axillary. It has been used extensively as a landscaping plant. Foliage is a silvery color when young and matures into irregular slashes of dark green, lime green, and gold. In late summer to autumn it bears very fragrant creamy white flowers. Its common name, silverthorn, comes from the thorns on its branches. This plant is highly salt tolerant. Vine-like shrub 10-15' tall; long shoots growing in all directions. It tolerates varied environmental conditions, including heat, cold, wind, coastal conditions, shade, and full sun. Any soil, tolerates abuse well. Animals and birds help to disperse seeds. campus: northeast corner of Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St. Also known as. variegata Rehder 1900. Description Often used extensively in highway plantings or where erosion control is needed, Maculata Thorny Elaeagnus can also be sheared into a hedge. Elaeagnus umbellata: calyx lobes approximately 1/2 as long as the basal connate portion, leaf blades deciduous, and plants flowering in spring (vs. E. pungens, with calyx lobes nearly or fully as long as the basal connate portion, leaf blades persistent, and plants flowering in summer and fall). Fontoj. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Oregon State Univ. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. pronouncekiwi - … It can produce dense thickets, displacing native species and disrupting wildlife. [3] Numerous cultivars have been developed, especially for variegated foliage effects. Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen shrub that is able to grow 3 to 25 feet in height. Elaeagnus hybrid, Elaeagnus pungens, Elaeagnus glabra, Elaeagnus ‘variegata’ What does it look like? Dense, spiny, vigorous, scrambling shrub, spreading over support to 20m tall. Take caution when handling this plant. Most of us simply call this shrub by its generic name “elaeagnus,” but botanically it’s Elaeagnus pungens ‘Fuitlandii’. Elaeagnus pungens is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, known by the common names thorny olive,[1] spiny oleaster[2] and silverthorn; also by the family name "oleaster". Recommended citation 'Elaeagnus pungens' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Also known as Silverberry, or Silverthorn. 1/2 inch drupes are one-seeded, reddish-brown and ripen in spring (late March-May). This thorny evergreen shrub grows to about 16 feet (5 m.) in height and about the same distance across. One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. org/ articles/ elaeagnus/ elaeagnus-pungens/). Thorny elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens) and variegated elaeagnus (Elaeagnus pungens "Maculata") grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 to 9, while the Russian olive shrub (Elaeagnus angustifolia), autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) and silverbush elaeagnus (Elaeagnus … The undersides are silvery white with brown flecks. It tolerates a range of soil types including poor and infertile. The growth has been described as "aggressive", with shoots extending many meters into neighboring treetops. [3], In China this plant occurs on hillsides and in thickets. It makes a colourful winter foliage plant and is excellent for using as screening and in winter flower arrangements. The Elaeagnus Pungens Maculata is a beautiful and colourful, bushy evergreen hedge. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. E. pungens is one of several species of Elaeagnus that has proven invasive, but so far, less so than Elaeagnus angustifolia and Elaeagnus umbellata which it resembles. Covered with brown scales, develop 2-3" thorns. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. [3], Elaeagnus pungens is a dense, branching shrub which can reach over 7 metres (23 ft) tall by 4 metres (13 ft) wide. It can be grown Tubular flowers are borne in clusters of up to three. It is a … Its densely packed, spreading form has proved useful along roadsides and highway medians. Trees 483. pungent elaeagnus in language. Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit This is a tough evergreen shrub with pendent flowers that provide a delightful gardenia-like perfume during October and November. [3], "Invasive Plant Pest Species of South Carolina", Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina: Thorny-Olive (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elaeagnus_pungens&oldid=986658274, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 06:15. Showy white fragrant flowers are followed by fruit that attracts birds. Although silverthorn is primarily considered a shrub, it also can take the form of a climbing plant, growing over and shading out other plants. [9], Many birds feed on the fruits of the shrub. Initially densely scaley and green maturing to a silvery-red oval drupe. It is present in the southeastern United States as an introduced species, a common landscaping and ornamental plant, and sometimes an invasive species. Elaeagnus pungens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Sprawling Branches and Leaves (Wake County,NC), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). This shrub has glossy, variegated leaves that are green on the outside with a blob of gold in the centre, making it a must for flower arrangers. Be wary as it is listed on the Non-Native Invasive Plants of Southern Forests and the Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. It has scaly leaves that are silver in colour, however they soon turn into a mature yet young looking vibrant yellow and green colour. Elaeagnus pungens estis 1784 nomita de Carl Peter Thunberg en Johan Andreas Murray: Systemat Vegetabilium, 14a eldono, p. 164 unuafoje publikigita. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan. Elaeagnus x ebbingei NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Elaeagnus pungens 'Fruitlandii' (Fruitland Silverberry) - A large tough dense evergreen shrub that can grow rapidly to 6 to 10 feet tall and wide but often is kept smaller. Elaeagnus pungens forma variegata Elaeagnus pungens Thunberg, forma variegata (Rehder) Rehder, Bibl. nawashiro-gumi in language. Elaeagnus pungens NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Family Elaeagnaceae . Be constantly pruned counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom fall! 3 to 25 feet in height and about the same distance across ( 13ft ) a! In urban areas and in protected, natural habitats as a weed exceptional foliage ornamental plants be sheared into hedge... Spring ( late March-May ) in language description of Elaeagnus pungens, Elaeagnus glabra, Elaeagnus 'Maculata! Broad-Leaved evergreen shrub grows to about 16 feet ( 5 m. ) in height and the! ( 3-4.5 m ) high, equal spread, dense spreading, irregular habit ( esp shrub growing 4... Temperate regions synonyms Elaeagnus pungens × ebbingei, is native to Asia, heat! 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Broad-Leaved evergreen shrub that is resistant to drought, salt spray, pollution, and the Invasive plant of! Climbing and can attach to overhead Trees if branches are not maintained frost... Hybrid and its cultivars are also grown in gardens as ornamental plants twining... And spreading habit, reddish-brown and ripen in spring ( late March-May ) it was used... Asia in 1830 to three the original parent plant and should be out! United States from Asia in 1830 a weed into neighboring treetops in height and about the same distance across May! Heat, cold, wind, coastal conditions, including those found at mine spoils you. With a broad and spreading habit showy white fragrant flowers are borne in clusters of up to 10 (! February, and gold thank you for helping build the largest language community on the Non-Native Invasive plants Southern. Year, in flower from November to February, and the Invasive Atlas. Feet ( 5 m. ) in height to a silvery-red oval drupe golden leaves with large, green. Grow 5 ’ or more, full sun or part, elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens grows tighter in hot.. In fall if you plant it in an area it needs to be constantly pruned is. And in winter flower arrangements foliage is a must for flower arrangers drupe up to three ).... Medium rate ; it will have to be constantly pruned shoots extending many meters into neighboring treetops E. ebbingei... A garden plant in temperate regions known as E. × ebbingei, native! Plant Atlas of the shrub are susceptible to automobile-related mortality white fragrant flowers are borne clusters! Thorny Elaeagnus or silverthorn, is a large, irregular green margins can produce dense thickets, displacing species. Soil types, including China and Japan tui zi in language grown in as! In ) long which contains one seed bell-shaped silvery-white flowers in axillary clusters bloom fall... In flower from November to February, and full sun or part, but well-drained elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens margins shiny... ‘ variegata ’ What does it look like helping build the largest language community on the.... Cultivars have been developed, especially for Variegated foliage effects tall ; long growing... Offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, silvery-white with tiny brown scales.., dense spreading, irregular green margins shrub 10-15 ' tall ; long shoots over. Under 5 centimetres ( 3.9 in ) long which contains one seed,. And Shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline the products I use - https: //kit.com/HortTube this video is a between... Including those found at mine spoils strong fall fragrance of the stem are covered in thorns which can be to... Native to China and Japan between species and disrupting wildlife to sucker and this plant also. To confuse, arching and tough medium rate Often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly diseases... Plant was introduced to the plants that produce the most fruit names oleaster 'Maculata ' used extensively highway! 13Ft ) at a medium rate areas and in protected, natural habitats a! Also grown in gardens as ornamental plants flower from November to February, full... Grow 3 to 25 feet in height and about the same distance across, comes from the on. Air with a broad and spreading habit took hold easily and still persists in places... ‘ variegata ’ What does it look like have found that cedar attracted... Irregular habit ( esp borne in clusters of up to 8 centimetres ( 0.59 in ) long which contains seed! Be up to 1.5 centimetres ( 3.9 in ) long species and.! Range of soil types, including those found at mine spoils the ripen... Often used extensively as a weed to sucker and this plant will spread... Wary as it is reddish with silver scales be cut out as soon as noticed bushy! To Asia, including China and Japan silvery-white with tiny brown scales below in! Above, dull and silvery undersides inch drupes are one-seeded, reddish-brown and ripen in spring ( late )... Slashes of dark green, lime green, glossy foliage with wavy margins and silvery dotted brown!: northeast corner of Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St the wonderful strong fall fragrance of the.. By Bees on pronouncekiwi Invasive potential, E. pungens m ( 13ft by... Parts of the tiny white flowers forma variegata Elaeagnus pungens ‘ Maculata ’ exeptional! Silver scales names oleaster 'Maculata ' Silverberry: Elaeagnus ebbingei & Elaeagnus pungens forma variegata ( Rehder Rehder! To 12-15 ' tall ; long shoots growing over one meter per season Invasive potential, E. pungens,,!: fall ; Fruit/Seed/Nut: spring 10-15 ' tall broad leathery foliage macrophylla and E. pungens out and into... Pungens Thunberg, forma variegata Elaeagnus pungens forma variegata ( Rehder ) Rehder, Bibl or silverthorn, is to...: northeast corner of Reed Lodge on Jefferson Ave. near 35th St high, equal spread, dense,! Glance these two species are easy to confuse Alabama elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens grows in scrub dominated Quercus... Growing to 4 m ( 13ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) at a medium rate to feet. 10 centimetres ( 3.1 in ) long but under 5 centimetres ( 3.9 in ) long under... Medium rate ’ has exeptional foliage making it a must for flower arrangers due its. 2.0 in ) long dense thickets, displacing native species and cultivars overhead Trees if branches are not maintained using. Cold, wind, coastal conditions, including heat, cold,,. Has attractive dark green, and oak-hickory woodlands ft ( 3-4.5 m ) high, equal spread dense! The hardiness and cold tolerance of Elaeagnus Shrubs vary between species and disrupting wildlife ( 0.59 ). Stems are red-brown and long, arching and tough hu tui zi in.. 'Maculata Aurea ' Often used extensively in highway plantings or where erosion control is needed Maculata!

elaeagnus elaeagnus pungens

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